Signs of a Clogged Outboard Fuel Filter
One common problem that could keep an outboard engine from running properly is a clogged fuel filter. When the filter is clogged, it prevents the flow of fuel to the powerhead.
Fuel filters keep contaminants out of engine components, while a fuel-water separator does exactly what its name suggests. You want to check your outboard’s fuel filter to see if it’s clogged, especially if the engine is getting starved of fuel, which can lead to idling problems. Checking the fuel filter(s) and the fuel/water separator is part of regular outboard maintenance, but what are the symptoms of a clogged fuel filter?
Before we get into what the symptoms are, we need to mention that you need take care of the problem prior to getting your boat in the water. That’s because clogged fuel filters can prevent an outboard engine from getting power, which can leave your boat stranded. It’s recommended to always have a spare fuel filter or two onboard in case your outboard’s current filter gets clogged while the boat is in use. Fuel filters are inexpensive and easy to replace, so there’s no good reason not to carry a spare.
Signs of a Bad Fuel Filter
Fuel filters can get clogged by anything from algae to sludge to debris in the water. Here are some symptoms of a clogged outboard fuel filter.
Rough idling can be happen due to the air and fuel mixture being disrupted by a clogged fuel filter, which could lead to an engine misfire. Change out your outboard’s fuel filter to see if that solves any existing idling problems.
Watch the video below to learn how to diagnose outboard idling problems.
Fuel with a brown or murky appearance is another sign your outboard’s fuel filter may be clogged and contaminants are passing through. If this happens, you’ll want to not only replace the fuel filter(s), but clean out your outboard motor’s entire fuel system as well.
Vacuum Gauge Reading is High
A vacuum gauge measures pressure on the fuel filter. If the vacuum gauge has a high reading, it’s time to change out the fuel filter and the fuel itself, which is likely contaminated.
Loss of Fuel Pump Pressure
Another notable symptom of a clogged fuel filter is a loss of pressure from the fuel pump. This causes a loss of power from the engine, and can create starting and idling problems as well.
Watch the video below to see how to rebuild an outboard’s fuel pump.
When to Change the Fuel Filter(s)
Besides the symptoms of a bad fuel filter listed above, here are other ways to know it’s time to change the filter(s) out:
- You’ve switched to a different type of fuel
- The fuel in the tank has been sitting there too long
- When you’re changing the outboard’s engine oil
- If it’s been longer than 6 months since you’ve changed it
- During your engine’s 100-hour maintenance service
Watch the video below to see how to replace the fuel filter in an outboard motor.
What If Clogged Fuel Filters Aren’t the Problem?
If you’re changing out your outboard’s fuel filter like you should but the new filters keep getting clogged, you might have a deeper fuel contamination problem on your hands. Sludge in your outboard’s fuel is an engine killer, and constantly swapping out the fuel filter(s) could mean you’re just putting bandages on a larger fuel system problem.
Besides sludge, fuel filters can also get punctured and clogged by metallic fragments from deteriorating fuel tanks, which could be depositing contaminants into the fuel supply. A good start to preventing fuel system problems is by adding fuel stabilizer to gasoline that’s going to be sitting for a while. Fuel stabilizer circulated through the engine can help preserve the fuel system and prevent filters from clogging. However, fuel stabilizer won’t fix an already-corroded fuel system, so have your outboard inspected if clogged or damaged fuel filters are an ongoing problem.
Watch the video below to learn how to check an outboard’s fuel system for a no-start condition.
Once again, fuel filters are affordable and easy to replace, so always carry spares on your boat. But if your outboard’s fuel filters keep clogging regularly, changing them out may not be the solution. Keep up with your outboard’s regular maintenance to prevent fuel system problems, but have the system cleaned and inspected if the fuel filters keep going bad prematurely.